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A breed standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament, and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function with soundness essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

 

 

Last Updated: 07 Feb 2013
[Print A4 PDF of Breed Standard]   [print page]
Pug
Group: Group 1 (Toys)
History:
General Appearance:

Decidedly square and cobby, it is 'multum in parvo' shown in compactness of form, well knit proportions and hardness of muscle, but never to appear low on legs.

Characteristics:

Great charm, dignity and intelligence.

Temperament:

Even tempered, happy and lively disposition.

Head And Skull:

Head relatively large, round, not apple-headed, with no indentation of skull. Muzzle relatively short, blunt, square, not upfaced. Nose fairly large with well open nostrils. Wrinkles on forehead clearly defined without exaggeration. Eyes or nose never adversely affected or obscured by over nose wrinkle. Pinched nostrils and heavy or over nose wrinkle is unacceptable and should be heavily penalised.

Eyes:

Dark, not too large, round in shape, soft and solicitous in expression, very lustrous, and when excited, full of fire. Never protruding, exaggerated or showing white. Free from obvious eye problems.

Ears:

Thin, small soft like black velvet. Two kinds – ‘Button ear’ – ear flap folding forward, tip lying close to
skull to cover opening. ‘Rose ear’ – small drop ear which folds over and back to reveal the burr.

Mouth:

Slightly undershot. Wry mouth, teeth or tongue showing all highly undesirable. Wide lower jaw with incisors almost in a straight line.

Neck:

Slightly arched to resemble a crest, strong, thick with enough length to carry head proudly.

Forequarters:

Legs very strong, straight, of moderate length, and well under body. Shoulders well sloped.

Body:

Short and cobby, wide in chest. Ribs well sprung and carried well back. Topline level neither roached nor dipping.

Hindquarters:

Legs very strong, of moderate length, with good turn of stifle, well under body, straight and parallel when viewed from rear.

Feet:

Neither so long as the foot of the hare, nor so round as that of the cat; well-split-up toes; the nails black.

Tail:

High set, curled tightly over hip. Double curl highly desirable.

Gait/Movement:

Viewed from in front should rise and fall with legs well under shoulder, feet keeping directly to front, not turning in nor out. From behind action just as true. Using forelegs strongly putting them well forward with hindlegs moving freely and using stifles well. A slight unexaggerated roll of hindquarters typifies gait.

Coat:

Fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy, neither harsh, off-standing or woolly.

Colour:

Silver, apricot, fawn or black. Each clearly defined, to make contrast complete between colour, trace (black line extending from occiput to tail) and mask. Markings clearly defined. Muzzle or mask, ears, moles on cheeks, thumb mark or diamond on forehead and trace as black as possible.

Sizes:

Ideal weight: 6.3-8.1 kg (14-18 lbs).

Faults:

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Notes:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Last Updated: 07 Feb 2013